On December 14, 2020, the U.S. Department of State’s Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) issued guidance on the sanctions imposed on Turkey’s Presidency of Defense Industries (SSB) under Section 231 of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act of 2017 (CAATSA). SSB is a Turkish governmental entity.
The sanctions, imposed in the wake of SSB’s acquisition of Russia’s S-400 long-range surface-to-air missile system, include:
- “a prohibition on granting specific U.S. export licenses and authorizations for any goods or technology transferred to SSB (Section 235(a)(2))”;
- “a prohibition on loans or credits by U.S. financial institutions to SSB totaling more than $10 million in any 12-month period (Section 235(a)(3))”;
- “a ban on U.S. Export-Import Bank assistance for exports to SSB (Section 235(a)(1))”;
- “a requirement for the United States to oppose loans benefitting SSB by international financial institutions (Section 235(a)(4))”; and
- “imposition of full blocking sanctions and visa restrictions (Section 235(a)(7), (8), (9), (11)[, and (12)])” on Ismail Demi (president of SSB), Faruk Yigit (SSB’s vice president), Serhat Gencoglu (Head of SSB’s Air Defense and Space Department), and Mustafa Alper Deniz (Program Manager for SSB’s Air Defense Systems).
DDTC’s guidance can be found as an announcement on its main website here:
A statement from the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) can be found here:
The Department of State’s fact sheet can be found here: